24/05/06 LAURAVETLAN INFORMATION AND EDUCATION NETWORK OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE (LIENIP)
02/05/06 The Government of Russia included the Veps people in the list of indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North
15/04/06 News from the State Duma. Analysis of work of the State Duma Committee on Natural Resources and Landuse at amendments to the Draft of the Forest Code
12/04/06 The Coordinating Meeting of the directors of LIENIP information centers was held in Moscow from 16 to 21 March.
02/04/06 Archeologists: Before the construction of the gas pipeline to China it is necessary to carry out archeological exploration in Altai highlands
02/04/06 It is necessary to save “the window to China” cut out by Peter I on the Irtysh River: Gorny Altai press about construction of the gas pipeline “Altai” from Siberia to the People’s Republic of China
25/03/06 The authorities declare again about the intention to return the mummy of “the Princess of Ukok” to Altai
LAURAVETLAN INFORMATION AND EDUCATION NETWORK OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE
Contributed by Ulia Gosart (of Udmurt indigenous people) on behalf of Lauravetlian Information and Education Network of Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Federation – LIENIP
Dear Mr. Chairperson, indigenous sisters and brothers, friends!
I am speaking on behalf of Lauravetlian Information and Education Network of Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Federation – LIENIP.
While we strive for the rights of our people, as many other indigenous organizations do around the globe, we face many difficulties. And when some of the difficulties come as the result of our own doing and that of our own leaders, then often it feels that the situation can not be more dispiriting.
We do not want to point a finger. We just want to bring attention to our situation. The situation that is getting more and more serious every year.
The modern political movement of indigenous peoples in Russia officially started at the end of the 1980-s. In 1991 there were only 2 indigenous peoples organizations from then USSR known to the UN – The Association of the Small numbered Peoples of the North and the Chukotka branch of the Innuit Circumpolar Conference. By the year 2000, according to the UN statistics, there were 36 indigenous organizations from the Russian Federation. Nevertheless, the number of indigenous representatives from Russia in the international forums today not only remains small, but often it consists of representatives of the same organization. To our view, the situation reflects the deliberate politics of exclusion.
It is a fact that Russia’s economy is mostly oil, gas, gold, timber and other natural resources. It is understandable what kind of intense struggle is going on inside of Russia for the control over these resources. Ninety percent of which are coming from the traditional territories of indigenous peoples. Thus, decisions regarding the economic development of these resources are vital to the economic well being of the indigenous peoples of Russia. Unfortunately, the persons, charged with the responsibility of representing and protecting indigenous rights to these resources, do not represent the indigenous peoples as a whole. Thus, the indigenous communities stand little chance of receiving the benefits they desperately need.
In this situation, we believe it is vital that indigenous peoples have direct, credible and timely knowledge of what is being said and done in their name, and of those who represent their interests. Be it a local venue or an international arena.
Therefore, we want to bring to the attention of the Forum the lack of direct contact between traditional indigenous leadership (as, for example, councils of elders) and the international community in general, and the Permanent Forum in particular.
We must remember that, for many, the indigenous movement is also a recovery from repressions of the state, from economic hardships, from religious suppression. The indigenous communities are the poorest among the poor. It is no surprise that in Russia, as in many other parts of the world, struggle for rights can turn into a struggle for better housing, for better education for one’s own children, for higher earnings. The fact that a position of leaders may be used to first enrich themselves is a very sad reality of life. However, when it becomes an end in itself, when an exclusivity of one’s own status is used to deliberately exclude others from the benefits of those resources, then the struggle for rights of indigenous peoples turns into a competition for the place under the sun. This competition, to our view, is the main cause of the current disintegration of the indigenous movement in Russia on national and international levels. Moreover, we believe that the international network that supports indigenous peoples has contributed to this breakup.
Let us explain.
The Permanent Forum is one of the few opportunities for the indigenous peoples to participate on the international arena in a process that directly affects their lives. Unfortunately, the present Forum is not an open space for every indigenous to speak up, but an intricate instrument, used only by politically active organizations, immediately associated with the system. Imagine a series of concentric circles, centered around the locus of the indigenous movement – the UN system of support. The outer, dispersed, and most invisible among these circles will represent the body of the traditional leadership of the indigenous communities. At the same time the closest to the system will be the circle of indigenous elite.
The result is that while the UN functions well as an administrative apparatus, its static character works to create visibility rather than actual participation of the representatives of the traditional indigenous leadership in the Forum procedures. In reality most of the indigenous traditional representatives have limited or no access to information. When they do interact with the IPO leaders, who officially work on their behalf, the communication is done, as a rule, in a manipulative rather than educative way. As a result, members of traditional leadership body have no control of those, who pursue their own interests behind their backs. In such conditions it is very difficult – and for us almost impossible – to create communication channels between the UN system of support and the traditional indigenous leaders, with whom we work directly.
We clearly see that the indigenous movement in Russia today is in real danger of becoming an instrument of enrichment of a few, who interpret their personal interests through the light of globally recognized values and ideas. It is especially so, since in Russia, as in many other parts of the world, an indigenous person is still treated not as an individual, but as a stereotype, which needs to have a patronizing “strong” hand of a “leader” to survive.
We believe that situation is critical, and the following measures must be taken immediately:
First: The Permanent Forum and the supportive network for the world indigenous peoples must stop its preferential treatment of some indigenous organizations. It must work as a multileveled net of interactions and have an open dialog with all organizations and representatives of the indigenous peoples;
Second: The Forum’s efforts on preservation of indigenous cultures, traditional knowledge, and distinct indigenous identities must work in practice, be relevant to our communities and not only be events with impressive and lofty reports and with no real impact;.
Third: The assistance to the traditional leadership to participate in the global indigenous movement must be a necessary condition for the Forum existence rather than a mere fulfillment of the requirement of the Forum’s mandate. The Secretariat, every person who works there, must be responsible for its actions. It must be accountable not only to the UN system, but to those, in the name of whom the Forum actually exists. Communication channels with the communities, not solely the “partners” between the system and the peoples, must be created. And it must be up to the Secretariat to find and develop those channels. They must develop the needed mechanism while keeping in mind that as a rule, indigenous traditional leaders have no access to the internet and often operate within oral cultures;
Fourth: We call for willingness of the UN agencies, governments and representatives of intergovernmental organizations to be open and willing to work with everyone, not solely those, who have personal connections within the system.
Dear Mr. Chairperson, indigenous sisters and brothers,
We want to emphasize that true fulfillment of the goals of the Millennium will not be possible without full and open participation of every member of the society, without engagement on every level. And definitely it will be possible only with inclusion of our traditional indigenous leaders.
We thank you very much.
The Government of Russia included
the Veps people in the list of indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North
order of the Chairman of the RF Government Mikhail Fradkov on 17 April approved
the list of indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the country verified by the results of the
Population Census 2002. Before, it included 30 peoples, the new list includes
40. The Veps have received this status for the first time, before they
comprised the Single List of Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Federation.
The peoples of the North are guaranteed more support from the federal
authorities. Only they fall under the federal program “Economical and Social
Development of Indigenous Peoples of RF till 2011”.
connection with this decision of the Government of Russia, the Chairman of the
Veps Culture Community, Zinaida Strogalshikova, on the meeting of the Head of
the Karelia Republic with the leaders of national organizations on 28 April,
asked Sergey Katandinov to start the work on preparing necessary decisions of
Karelia authorities for implementation of the correspondent legislation related
to the Veps, as well as to initiate preparation of the decisions for the
Government of Russia about measures on support of the Veps from the funds of
the federal program “Economical and Social Development of Indigenous Peoples of
RF till 2011”,
in cooperation with the leaders of all the territories of the Veps’ residence –
Karelia, Leningradskaya Oblast and Vologodskaya Oblast..
Youth Law Information Indigenous Center
from the State Duma.
of work of the State Duma Committee on Natural Resources and Landuse at
amendments to the Draft of the Forest Code
April 2006 the session of the Working Group of the State Duma Committee on
Natural Resources and Landuse was held under the chairmanship of N. Komarova,
where the amendments to the Darft of the RF Forest Code were discussed.
most heated discussion was caused by amendments to article 26 “Forest use accessible to public”. Point 4 of the article
contains obscure wording on limitation of the rights of citizens on staying in
the forest: “People’s staying in the forest can be limited… point 4… in other
cases, when people’s staying in the forest does not coincide the purposes of
forest use in accordance with the present Code.” 45 deputies and 15
representatives of the Council of the Federation made an amendment excluding
this point. To support this amendment deputy V. Krupchak and representative of
the public movement “The land
of Russia is people’s
wealth” barrister O. Yakovleva spoke. However, the Chairman of the Committee
made the decision to develop this point and to concretize the cases of
limitations of the people’s rights.
into account the common tendency of “work” of the Committee at the Draft of the
Forest Code a conclusion can be made they took only time out, so that
afterwards in a hazed form to fix the right of owners and lessees of the forest
plots to limit the rights of people on their own. Much harder and clearer the
Chairman of the Committee N. Komarova suppressed the attempt to fix the
guarantees of the rights of indigenous peoples on forest use in the places of
their residence. All the amendments proposed by the deputies of the State Duma,
representatives of the Council of the Federation and legislative bodies of RF
regions were rejected. Fully ignored was the opinion of the representative of
the Committee of the State Duma on Affairs of Nationalities, supporting
amendments fixing forest use free of charge for indigenous people in the places
of their traditional residence and economical activity. The attitude of the
Committee on Affairs of Nationalities was sustained by a representative of the
public movement “The land
of Russia is people’s
wealth”, a representative of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and many members of
the Working Group. Nevertheless, the amendment fixing the principle of free use
of forest by indigenous people was declined.
most indigenous peoples fully depends on the forest use. The Draft Forest Code
does not give possibilities to allot forest plots to communities, families,
indigenous organizations. At the same time there were created legislative
facilities for almost any natural or juridical person, including foreigners,
companies or stateless persons, to own or rent the territories of residence of
Draft Forest Code nor any other law oblige the forest lands owners and lessees
to secure the rights of indigenous peoples on forest use. And the state
authority bodies were released beforehand from the duty to protect the rights
of indigenous peoples. The ruefully known Federative Law #122 declared invalid
article 4 of the Federative Law “About guarantees of the rights of indigenous
peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation”,
which vested the state authority bodies with the duty to secure the rights of
indigenous peoples on traditional lifestyle.
situation, where indigenous people have the same position as animals and plants
of a certain forest plot, was made not occasionally. Actually, they can be
“transferred” to owners or lessees, and use the forest only under the
conditions offered by the holder. The Draft (article 22) stipulates only
written agreement with an owner or a lessee of the land for such activities as
haymaking, pasturage, placing bee-hives and apiaries, wild-honey farming,
procurement of wood sap, wild fruit, berries, nuts, mushrooms and other forest
food products, as well as medicinal herbs and technical materials, other forest
materials, growing vegetables, melons, crops, technical plants, etc.,
procurement of products from the plantations, digging out the trees, bushes and
lianas for planting them on lands of other categories, keeping and breeding
animals in semi-wild conditions.
exceptions are envisaged for indigenous peoples. So, indigenous peoples living
their traditional lives and having no sources of income will have to pay a
tenant or an owner for the right to live on their native lands. The right of
indigenous peoples on forest use considering traditional lifestyle formally
proclaimed by article 27, actually is cancelled by articles 18, 19, 20, 21, 22,
23, as by the procedure of forest use indigenous peoples will be equal not only
to people having other sources of income, but even to commercial structures
using the forest for profit.
concept of the draft deeply contradicts the standards of international law. So,
ILO Convention 169 provides not only the possibility to use natural resources
free of charge, but to transfer the lands and natural resources to ownership of
indigenous communities. Moreover, all the rural population of Russian regions
will find themselves in difficult situation. Such VITALLY IMPORTANT ways of
forest use as haymaking, pasturage, procurement of wood sap, placing bee-hives
and apiaries, wild-honey farming, picking moss will be possible only after
written agreement with the owner, tenant or other holder of the land. This ways
of forest use do not belong to public accessible ones, which are free of
charge. So, with this Code passed, Russian population will lose the possibility
to support their living with their own free farming.
analysis of the Draft of RF Forest Code shows full protection of rights of
owners and lessees of certain forest plots, but not of rights of Russian
citizens, to whom the forests belong as public wealth.
of articles 18, 22, 26, 27, 28 is a coordinated system on limitation the right
on forest use for most people of Russia, including indigenous
Coordinating Meeting of the directors of LIENIP information centers was held in
Moscow from 16
to 21 March.
the meeting there were discussed the issues of the Network’s development and
further expansion. A perspective plan of work for the following two years was
developed. A few meetings and conferences took place in the scope of the
meeting with the members of the Advisory Committee of the Council of Europe on
the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities was
organized on 18 March. “L’auravetl’an” presented an alternative report on
implementation of this Convention in the Russian
Federation from the aspect of protection of the rights of
indigenous people of Russia.
In the alternative report there were analyzed the regulations of the Drafts of
the Forest Code, Water Code, which infringe the rights of indigenous people on
traditional lifestyle and landuse. In this connection the representatives of
the Advisory Committee had private talk to the directors of information centers
on conditions of indigenous peoples in different regions of Russia.
some meetings with representatives of the Social Movement “Russian Land
is Public Property!” and rights protecting public organizations were held,
where were discussed the Forest Code Draft and the Bill on Minerals, which are
currently considered in the RF State Duma. There were signed the applications:
to the deputies of the State Duma asking to consider at the sessions of the
State Duma people’s demands to return the Forest Code Draft to the first
reading with the purpose of its rejection, to publish it and discuss publicly;
to the RF President about withdrawal of the conclusion on the Forest Code
Draft, about withdrawal of the Forest Code Draft itself from the State Duma, as
well as about its broad publishing and public discussion and return to the RF
Government. Besides, the decision was made to organize a discussion of the Bill
on Minerals in working groups with people in the regions of the Russian Federation.
participants of the Coordinating Meeting visited public hearings on the issues
of municipal housing service held in the State Duma of RF, met with the
chairman assistant of the State Duma Committee on natural resources and landuse
Vladimir Kashin, chairman of the State Duma Committee on the problems of the
North and the Far East Valentina Pivnenko, deputy of the State Duma from the
Altai Republic Sergey Pekleyev and the deputy of El-Kurultay State Meeting Ivan
Belekov (presently the speaker of the State Meeting).
their work, the members of the Coordinating Meeting participated in the
information seminar on the projects of European initiative in the field of
democracy and human rights. Also, they had a meeting with the director of the
UN Information Center in Moscow A.Gorelik where the questions of reciprocal
cooperation were discussed.
of five regions of Russia
took part in the work of the Coordinating Meeting – the Altai
Republic, the Karelia Republic,
Altaisky Kray, Krasnoyarsky Kray, Kemerovskaya Oblast.
participants expressed their satisfaction with the work done and made the
decision to hold the following reporting Coordinating Meeting in July this year
in Altai during the celebration of 250-th anniversary of Altai people’s joining
Before the construction of the gas pipeline to China it is necessary to carry out
archeological exploration in Altai highlands
of constructing “Altai” gas pipeline from Western Siberia to China it is
necessary to carry out archeological monitoring along its route. This is what
Natalya Polos’mak, Doctor of History, superior scientific worker of the Institute of Archeology
and Ethnography of the Siberian Department of Russian Academy
of Science, said to the correspondent of REGNUM Information Agency on 27 March.
country the construction must be conducted with archeological exploration,”
Polos’mak remarked. If it is found out there are some archeological artefacts
on the place of construction, they are urgently studied, and excavations are
made there. The expenses for archeological work are covered by the initiator of
the construction.” Speaking on the plans of construction of the gas pipeline
through the Ukok Plateau, where in 1993 the team she headed found a mummy of a
woman, now known as “the Princess of Ukok”, Polos’mak stated, “If all the mentioned
above conditions are observed, I don’t see any special obstacles for
construction of the pipeline. It is essential to solve the issue of protection,
study of those multiple historical memorials which are located in Altai on the
places of proposed route of the construction.”
the gas pipeline is much safer than the oil pipeline. Moreover, Altai,
including highlands, needs the gas pipeline very much. Altai in whole needs the
State’s support, and the construction of the gas pipeline can become the first
real step of the State on the way of development of this territory,” Natalya
March, during his visit to China,
the President of Russia Vladimir Putin declared about the intention of the
Authorities of Russia to construct two gas pipelines to China from Siberia.
According to the President’s words, it is possible to make a new pipeline
system with the conventional name “Altai” through the western frontier of the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China.
As the President stated, Russia
will deliver 60-80 billions m3 of gas annually. The head of “Gazprom”
administration Aleksey Miller declared that the cost of the new pipeline can be
about $10 billion. The gas pipeline is expected to start in 2011.
of Gorny Altai stated repeatedly about the intention to leave untouched the
part of the frontier between Russia
and China going through the Altai Republic.
For several years there have been discussed the possibility to build the direct
transport corridor from Russia
to China through the territory of Gorny Altai, bordering in the south with
the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. The length of the
Russian-Chinese frontier here is 54
km. The road is supposed to go through the Ukok Plateau
and cross the frontier on the Kanas
Pass. However, the local
population’s and the authorities’ attitudes to this idea are not definite.
First of all, those who are against the road refer to the fact that the Ukok
Plateau is in the List of the World Heritage of UNESCO and proclaimed so called
“zone of peace”. Secondly, on the plateau there is a big number of
archeological artefacts, and that is the place where the archeologist Natalya
Polos’mak found the mummy of “Altai princess”. A lot of Altai people consider
that plateau a sacred place, and even the earthquake in autumn 2003 they
connect with the fact that people had disturbed “the spirit of princess Kadyn”,
having unearthed her and exhibited for public in the Institute
of History and Archeology of the
Siberian Department of the Russian
Academy of Science.
present, the Ukok highland is one of the most difficult to reach objects of
nature in the south of the Altai
Republic. Along the
borders of the plateau there go the state frontiers of Russia, China,
Mongolia and Kazakhstan.
The plateau is located at the height of 2 200-2 500 meters above the
see level, above the plateau there rise in average 500-600 m mountain ridges. The
maximum absolute mark of the mountain crown of the plateau is the mountain
junction Tabyn-Bogdo-Oola (five sacred peaks), the highest mountain of which –
Nairamdal – reaches 4 374 m
above the see level. This mountain is the second in Siberia after Belukha by height. On the Tabyn-Bogdo-Oola the frontiers
of three states meet – Russia,
China and Mongolia. There are more than one
thousand archeological memorials on the Ukok Plateau.
necessary to save “the window to China”
cut out by Peter I on the Irtysh River: Gorny Altai press about construction of the
gas pipeline “Altai” from Siberia to the People’s Republic of China
of newspapers of the Altai
Republic for 27-31 March
should follow the example of Peter I and construct the gas pipeline to China along the Irtysh through Kazakhstan. The former head of the
republic recollects telling Vladimir Putin about the necessity of construction
of the gas pipeline and the road to China
through the Altai
March the Listok newspaper writes that it made a poll of its readers on the
subject of their attitude to the possible construction of the gas pipeline on
the territory of the Altai Republic to China. As REGNUM
IA informs, 21 March during his visit to China, the President of Russia Vladimir Putin
declared about the intention of the Authorities of Russia to construct two gas
pipelines to China from Siberia in the near future. Listok supposes,
simultaneously with the construction of the gas pipeline the direct road to China will
be built. 117 people took part in the poll, 77 of them – 65.8% - were against
the construction of the gas pipeline. “We should note that 16 people (of those
against) remarked the construction of the gas pipeline alone without the road
would suit them. First of all, those people fear of expansion of the Chinese.
Here are their typical statements, “In China there is a very high density of
population, they will try to fill the whole republic and close territories,”
“Our region is ecologically clean, and in whole the indigenous people of our
republic are against the project”. 36 people asked (30.8%) expressed positive
attitude to the project. “There is no better project for the development of the
republic than the construction of the gas pipeline and the direct road to
China, that’s why we should support and promote Putin’s decision,” says one of
the supporters of the project. 4 of those asked could not answer the question,
as they were not informed quite well on the subject.
Postscriptum paper on 30 March published the article of the editor Nokolay
Vitovtsev devoted to the problems of Russian-Chinese and Russian-Kazakhstan
relationships in the light of proposed construction of the gas pipeline from
the Western Siberia to China.
The author reminds that, while discussing the subject of transport corridors to
China, we shouldn’t forget
the way along the Irtysh, that way which once
was made by Peter I. It was in Peter’s times when the first trade caravans went
from Russia to China
and back. For whom is the road to China
and Chuguchak unfavorable in our days? The answer is obvious: for the Americans
and their allies. They dream to take Altai out of the zone of influence of Russia.
But people in Astana understand that our presence is necessary in that region –
first of all as a deterrent in front of the growing expansion from China.
If Kazakhstan side declares
about political drift to Russia,
these words should be supported with real deeds. What does the economical
integration in conditions of Ore Altai mean after recent statements of the
President Putin in Pekin
about the construction of the gas pipeline with the conventional name “Altai”?
understand that “the conventional name” for the gas pipeline, which would have
to go through Altai, hides the geopolitical sense. The country is ruled by
people from the “Northern Capital” built by Peter I simultaneously with the
fortresses on the Irtysh and in the mouth of
the Katun. The present St. Petersburg’s people
are supposed to have enough political will to conclude what was begun by Peter
I and save “the window to China”
cut on the Irtysh. The route of the pipeline
can go through Barnaul – Ust-Kamenogorsk – Chuguchak – Urumchi. Who
said it must be raised to the height of the Kanas Pass?
The ideal route for gas transportation is along the Irtysh.
If the Russian authorities are able to remember yet what was adjured us by Tsar
authorities declare again about the intention to return the mummy of “the
Princess of Ukok” to Altai
Kozlov, the chairman assistant of the Altai Republic Government,
plenipotentiary of the Altai Republic in Moscow, has the intention to do his best
to return the mummy of the “Princess of Ukok” found by archeologists at the
beginning of 1990-s in Altai.
As REGNUM IA
correspondent was informed on 21 March in the press-service of the Altai Republic
Government, Kozlov made such a statement to the authors of the application
about the return of the mummy.
return of the “Princess of Ukok” would be the proof of importance of saving the
intercultural and interethnic dialogue in Russia
for everybody,” Mikhail Kozlov remarked in his speech to the participants of a
special concert held on 9 March in Moscow.
The concert took place in the Russian
Museum of Folk Art. The
Altai singer Raisa Modorova, a post-graduate student of Mechanics and Mathematics
Faculty of Moscow State University, winner of Yakut republican competitions of
folk songs Alena Pinigina, Kirgiz singer Mearim, the singer of traditional folk
songs, Buryat Victor Zhalsanov, the Tuva singer Galina Torzhu took part in it.
concert was initiated by active members of the Interregional Public Foundation
of Promotion of Study and Maintaining of Culture of Peoples of Europe, Asia and
for the purpose to collect signatures under the application to the vice-premier
Mikhail Kozlov, demanding to assist the return of the mummy of a woman found in
Gorny Altai. As REGNUM IA has already informed, the mummy of “the Princess of
Ukok” was found by an archeological expedition of Novosibirsk scientists headed
by Doctor of History Natalya Polos’mak at the beginning of 1990-s. The
excavations were made in the Ak-Alakha valley on the Ukok Plateau. Later on the
same place an academician Vacheslav Molodin found one more mummy of a man – a
warrior. As the scientists state, the mummies were located in Scythian burial
dated to 4-5 century B.C. That time Altai was in the period of so called
“Pazyryk Culture”. Now the mummies are in the Museum
of Archeology and Ethnography of the
Siberian Department of Russian Academy of Science in Novosibirsk. The mummies were saved due to
the perpetually frozen ground. The scientists insist to continue excavations,
as interscience research attests the possibility of climate warming leading to
melting of the ice lenses. Nowadays, there is even information in which barrows
exactly the ice is saved on the Ukok Plateau.
Altai indigenous people’s attitude to the fact the scientists found the mummies
is extremely negative. Altai intellectuals began asserting the Ukok Plateau was
always considered a sacred place for Altai people, they knew about the woman’s
burial, as in the unearthed barrow there was “Princess Kadyn”, who had been
worshiped by shamans for thousands of years. In Altai there is quite a powerful
movement for return of the mummy “home” and ban of further archeological
research. Actually, there are two lines among the supporters of the idea. One
part suggests to return it to Altai and exhibit in Gorno-Altaisk Museum.
The others demand to re-bury “the Princess”.
archeologists have stated repeatedly they are not against to bring the mummy to
Gorno-Altaisk. However, some special expensive equipment is needed to save it,
which the Altai museum does not have. After the earthquake in September 2003 in Altai with
epicenter 100-150 km
from the Ukok Plateau, local people began speaking the disaster happened
because the burial of “the Princess Kadyn” had been disturbed, and now she
REGNUM IA reference:
Ukok Plateau is on the south edge of the modern territory of the Altai Republic.
It is located on the junction of the state frontiers of Kazakhstan, China,
Mongolia and Russia.
The predominate absolute height on Ukok reaches 2200-2500 m above the sea level,
mountain ridges rise 500-600 m
in average above the plateau. The maximum absolute point of the mountain crown
of the plateau – Nairamdal mountain (Tabyn-Bogdo-Oola) reaches 4374 m above the sea level.
This mountain is the second after Belukha by height in Siberia.
In total there are more than 300 archeological artefacts of the Pazyryk period
of Altai history on the plateau.